e99 Online Shopping Mall

Geometry.Net - the online learning center Help  
Home  - Basic E - European Archaeology General (Books)

  1-20 of 100 | Next 20
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

click price to see details     click image to enlarge     click link to go to the store

1. In Search of the Indo-Europeans:
2. Proto Indo European: The Archaeology
3. The Future of European Archaeology
4. Invisible People and Processes:
5. Vectors of Death: The Archaeology
6. The Archaeology and History of
7. Ranking, Resource and Exchange:
8. Cultural Identity and Archaeology:
9. Ancient Textiles: Production,
10. Recent Developments in the Archaeology
11. Early Medieval Coins from Lincoln
12. Archaeology And Geographic Information
13. Archaeology and Language: The
14. The Chumash World at European
15. The Anglo-Saxon Achievement: Archaeology
16. Roman Imperial Statue Bases: from
17. Life in Common: An Essay in General
18. Britain in the Middle Ages: An
19. Early Medieval Towns in Britain:
20. The Archaeology of the Early Medieval

1. In Search of the Indo-Europeans: Language, Archaeology, and Myth
by J. P. Mallory
Paperback: 288 Pages (1991-04)
list price: US$28.95 -- used & new: US$21.49
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0500276161
Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan

Customer Reviews (41)

5-0 out of 5 stars Western Languages
It is a fascinating fact that most Western and some western Asiatic are based on the same ancestral tongue.Mallory discusses his linguistic theories while offering archeologic and geographic evidence to support them.He calculates that sometime between 4,000 and 6,000 B.C. a horse people, probably native to the steppe somewhere north of the Black Sea, produced a linguistic revolution destined to swallow ancestral languages from northern India, ancient Hatti [Hittite Empire] and almost all of Europe excluding only Finland and the land of the Basques.Hungary, which may have once shared a variant of the Indoeuropean tongue, was linguistically affected by later invaders especially the Huns of Attila.

Despite the fact that 'Indoeuropean' has since morphed into dozens of languages as distinct as Celtic, Russian, Greek, German, Latin, Spanish, French, Italian and Roumanian, they apparently all started as the same language affected by original languages and time.Mallory speculates on this incredible linguistic phenomenon--peaceful diffusion vs military ocnquest.I rather suspect the later.During late prehistory--before people could write of their experiences--there must have been a military juggernaut--a military and linguistic steamroller--perhaps similar to that of other Eastern invaders like the later Huns and Mongols, that radiated centifugally to conquer out vast territories.The conquerors would have left rulers and occupying nobles behind, although apparently not enough to significantly effect the ethnic composition of peoples as diverse as Indians and Norwegians.Like the Roman Empire, which occupied Gaul [now France], Spain and Italy, the Indoeuropeans left the indelible imprint of language.

If this is correct it makes us wonder how occasional peoples, like the Basques in the Pyrenees and the Finns in their taiga, could have withstood the linguistic impact of such a tidal wave.

4-0 out of 5 stars Classic work, good intro to the field, but a little dated
This book debuted in the 1980's and was probably reasonably current at the time.It explores the general questions relating to the question of who the speakers of Proto-Indo-European were, and when and where they lived.It is a generally interesting and useful book for people who are not well versed on the subject (although Mallory takes a general knowledge of phonemes for granted).

This work is a classic for which there is no simple replacement today.However, it was written over 20 years ago, and the fields involved have advanced considerably in that time.New, and better, models of how the Indo-European languages are related to eachother have been developed, and better approaches to the question of archaeological confirmation of specific Indo-European home lands have also been found.Hence while I would highly recommend the world, I must point out that it is still best suited to introducing someone to the field which would then be followed up with later study.

4-0 out of 5 stars Scholarly search for the homeland of the Indo-Europeans
Linguists define "Indo-European" as a language entity or unity from which all Indo-european languages derived. By analyzing linguistic patterns of change, scholars can "reconstruct" the language and situate it in a time period when it was a unified language. The task is then to provide this abstract language entity with a living group of people and a homeland.

The first chapters and the last ones, where the author presents the problem, geographically locates where Indo-Europeans are to be found and where he draws some conclusions, are really good. He lost me a bit in the middle, where the book acquires a "scholarly" taste (by this I do not mean difficult to understand); I mean that the author does not get carried away by his own hypothesis. He explains all the existing ones and then proceeds to present the evidence for and against each, mainly from the linguistic perspective, but also considering evidence from other areas (comparative philology, archeology, comparative mythology, etc.). For each hypothesis, evidence was found that contradicted it and I felt that no matter how many pages I read, we were as far from the "promised homeland" as in the beginning. In the end, no hypothesis is conclusive, but the one in which the contradictions could be "bridged" more easily is pesented as the most probable one. In his conclusion, the author himself kind of apologizes for having lead the reader through a lot of "cul de sacs". I myself prefer when an author writes more like fiction telling a clear and unified story at the expense of maybe drawing conlusions a bit to far. Then you can still read his opponent's book to have a more complete picture and enjoy both.

All in all, I learnt a lot from this book, for example, how do you analyze nomadic groups from an archeaological perspective if they left no "settlements"? Well, the answer is that they might have left some cemeteries or lonely graves and luckily some "gifts" for the deceased, as well as some ritual places or camps. The maps in the book are very useful.

3-0 out of 5 stars interesting but too academic
This book is very scholarly:it gets extremely detailed about comparative linguistics as correlated with the archaeological record.I was looking for exactly that, as I have been curious about this for many years.

Unfortunately, the book errs more in the direction of academic rigor and offers far too little as a story-telling experience. As such, while the content is truly fascinating, it get mired in details from the names of obscure archaeological sites that are not on the book's lousy maps to the particular scholars who are advancing certain points of view about a certain common word. Bottom line:it isn't very fun.

However, I learned an immense amount and am glad to I read it.The Indo-Europeans emerged in about 4000 BC, a pastoralist "people" in the Pontic Caspian area.Unlike sedentary agriculturalists, they migrated both to Europe (North and West) and South into India.They had a common vocabulary and language, a mythology with motifs that have survived to present in many cases (like divine twins), horses (a decisive advantage for warriors and nomads), and certain advanced technologies (chariots and agricultural implements and practices).These attributes enabled the Indo-Europeans to absorb an astonishing array of peoples in the areas of their migrations.Then once more sedentary, their languages became the roots of all the modern I-E languages, clearly the most commonly spoken of all the world's languages.The great contribution of this book is the merging of linguistic and archaeological observations, that is, how roots from the original I-E language correlates with objects and the landscapes they encountered.

For the curious, there are many many wonderful details.For example, the Persain language group generated quite a diaspora.In addition to the Iranians, you had the Alans (later the Ossetians), Medes, Parthains, and Scythians; they ranged from Aisa minor to Spain and N. Africa.The book follows their migrations and histories quite succinictly.It is very fun, as most of them are mentioned n classical histories but many are never differentiated other than being non-Greek.The book also traces how the Finno-Ubrian and Basque languages remained non-I-E.

I would recommend this book, but it is more for students of linguistics and/or archaeology than interested laymen.

3-0 out of 5 stars Endless Search for the Indo-Europeans
Great info but perhaps too many pages weighing the evidence for the exact geographic location of the original group of
people who spoke Proto-Indoeuropean. But an important basic text for understanding the issues of PIE. ... Read more

2. Proto Indo European: The Archaeology of a Linguistic Problem : Studies in Honor of Marija Gimbutas
by Wolfgang P. Schmidt, Colin Renfrew, Edgar C. Polomé, A. Richard Diebold, Wilfred P. Lehman, Eric P. Hamp, János Makkay, Ralph M. Rowlett
 Paperback: 396 Pages (1987-07)
list price: US$52.00 -- used & new: US$52.00
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0941694291
Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan

Customer Reviews (2)

5-0 out of 5 stars Contents of Book
A. Richard Diebold, Jr.: Linguistic Ways to Prehistory; Winfred P. Lehmann: Linguistic and Archaeological Data for Handbooks of Proto-Languages; János Nemeskéri and László Szathmáry: An Anthropological Evaluation of the IE Problem; Nikolai Ja. Merpert: Ethnocultural Change in the Balkans in the Eneolithic; Sándor Bökönyi: Horses and Sheep in the Copper and Bronze Ages; Homer L. Thomas: The Indo-Europeans-Some Historical and Theoretical Considerations; János Makkay: The Linear Pottery and the Early Indo-Europeans; Eric P. Hamp: The Pig in Ancient Northern Europe; Ralph M. Rowlett: Grave Wealth in the Horodenka Group; Christopher Hawkes: Archaeologists and Indo-Europeanists-Can They Mate?; Edgar C. Polomé: Who are the Germanic People?; Gregory Nagy: The IE Heritage of Tribal Organization-Evidence from the Greek polis; Bruce Lincoln: On the Scythian Royal Burials; Calvert Watkins: Linguistic and Archaeological Light on Some Homeric Formulas; T.L. Markey: Morning, Evening, and the Twilight Between; Wolfgang P. Schmidt: `Indo-European'-'Old European'; Colin Renfrew: Old Europe or Ancient Near East? Clay Cylinders of Sitagroi; Edgar C. Polomé: Marija Gimbutas, A Biographical Sketch.

3-0 out of 5 stars Thorough investigations on the Proto-Indo-European
Many distinguished linguistic archeologists made the thorough investigations on the history of Proto-Indo-European(PIE) language.However, I had a slight disappointment on this book, because I had expected a wide range of reconstructed PIE words in this book.This book does not have such a word list. However, it has very precious archeological data for the PIE language.This book also has some commemorial pictures of Marija Gimbutas. ... Read more

3. The Future of European Archaeology (Oxbow Lecture Series, 3)
by W. J. H. Willems
 Paperback: 24 Pages (1998-12-31)
list price: US$5.50 -- used & new: US$5.50
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 1900188791
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
As head of the Dutch Archaeological Service, Willem Willems is uniquely in touch with the movement towards greater archaeological cooperation in Europe. As political borders lose their importance, archaeology is forced into the forefront of the quest for a new cultural identity to reflect both the unity and heterogenity of European society. With extensive references to European legislation and community programmes Dr Willems sets out his controversial vision of a pan-European coordinating body for archaeological research and heritage management in the 21st century. Professional archaeologists cannot afford to ignore this authoritative vision of a centrally-organised future. ... Read more

4. Invisible People and Processes: Writing Gender and Childhood into European Archaeology
Paperback: 282 Pages (1996-12)
list price: US$49.95
Isbn: 0718500245
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
Linking the disciplines of archaeology, ancient history, classics and gender studies, this work focuses on issues of gender and childhood in European archaeology. Contributions discuss a range of themes and periods, and cover Europe (including Britain), the Mediterranean and Eastern Europe. ... Read more

5. Vectors of Death: The Archaeology of European Contact
by Ann F. Ramenofsky
 Hardcover: 300 Pages (1988-02)
list price: US$27.50
Isbn: 0826309976
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan

6. The Archaeology and History of the European Academic Press
 Hardcover: 523 Pages (1978-06)
list price: US$181.00
Isbn: 0120788500
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan

7. Ranking, Resource and Exchange: Aspects of the Archaeology of Early European Society
Hardcover: 176 Pages (1982-09-30)
list price: US$49.50
Isbn: 0521242827
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
Ranked societies are characterized by disparities in personal status that are often accompanied by the concentration of power and authority in the hands of a few dominant individuals. They stand between the sophistication of developed, states and the relative simplicity of most hunter-gatherer groups and early agriculturalists. In some places and times they represented relatively brief phases of transition to more complex forms of organization; in others they existed as stable forms of adaptation for thousands of years. They are thus of great interest for archaeologists seeking to understand the dynamics of cultural evolution. ... Read more

8. Cultural Identity and Archaeology: the Construction of European Communities (Theoretical Archaeology Group)
 Hardcover: 304 Pages (1995-12-18)
list price: US$140.00 -- used & new: US$132.55
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0415106761
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
Cultural identity is a key area of debate in contemporary Europe. Despite widespread use of the apst in the construction of ethnic, national and European identity, theories of cultural identity have been neglected in archaeology.Focusing on the interrelationships between concepts of cultural identity today and the interpretation of past cultural groups, Cultural Identity and Archaeology offers provocative archaeological perspectives on the debate surrounding European identities.

The authors examine critically both the construction of Europe, and ethnic and national groups within it, as bounded cultural, political and geographical entities.In place of such monolithic concepts, the book argues for a consideration of the diverse hybrid, and multiple nature of European cultural identities in the past and the present. ... Read more

9. Ancient Textiles: Production, Crafts, and Society
Hardcover: 288 Pages (2007-08-30)
list price: US$70.00 -- used & new: US$56.23
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 1842172026
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
An understanding of textiles and the role they played in the past is important for anyone interested in past societies. Textiles served and in fact still do as both functional and symbolic items. The evidence for ancient textiles in Europe is split quite definitely along a north-south divide, with an abundance of actual examples in the north, but precious little in the south, where indirect evidence comes from such things as vase painting and frescoes. This volume brings together these two schools to look in more detail at textiles in the ancient world, and is based on a conference held in Denmark and Sweden in March 2003. Section one, Production and Organisation takes a chronological look through more than four thousand years of history; from Syria in the mid-third millennium BC, to Seventeenth Century Germany. Section two, Crafts and Technology focuses on the relationship between the primary producer (the craftsman) and the secondary receiver (the archaeologist/conservator). The third section, Society, examines the symbolic nature of textiles, and their place within ancient societal groups. Throughout the book emphasis is placed on the universality of textiles, and the importance of information exchange between scholars from different disciplines. ... Read more

10. Recent Developments in the Archaeology of the Peak District (Sheffield Archaeological Monographs)
by Richard Hodges, Ken Smith
 Hardcover: 134 Pages (1991-12-31)
list price: US$40.00 -- used & new: US$22.44
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0906090385
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
Papers from a 1989 Sheffield seminar on the upland archaeology of the Derbyshire Peak District. They include consideration of: Neolithic settlement (D Garton), the Bronze Age (J Barnatt, K Smith), Roystone Grange prehistoric pottery (J Thomas), Iron Age burials from Winster (P Beswick, M E Wright), Roman civilian development in a military zone (K Branigan), military vici of the S Penoines (M J Dearne), Roman finds from Thirst House cave (K Branigan, M J Dearne), Medieval (R Hodges), Post-Medieval (D Crossley). ... Read more

11. Early Medieval Coins from Lincoln and Its Shire, C770-1100, No. 1 of Coins (The Archaeology of Lincoln, V. VI-1)
by Mark A. S. Blackburn, Christina Colyer, Michael Dolley
 Paperback: 46 Pages (1983-09)
list price: US$12.50 -- used & new: US$12.50
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0906780268
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan

12. Archaeology And Geographic Information Systems: A European Perspective
Hardcover: 319 Pages (1995-07-11)
list price: US$199.95 -- used & new: US$125.05
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 074840208X
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
Presents critical overviews of the application of GIS to the theory and practice of archaeology, particularly in the European context. ... Read more

13. Archaeology and Language: The Puzzle of Indo-European Origins
by Colin Renfrew
Paperback: 368 Pages (1990-01-26)
list price: US$25.00 -- used & new: US$87.95
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0521386756
Average Customer Review: 3.5 out of 5 stars
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
In this book Colin Renfrew directs remarkable new light on the links between archaeology and language, looking specifically at the puzzling similarities that are apparent across the Indo-European family of ancient languages, from Anatolia and Ancient Persia, across Europe and the Indian subcontinent, to regions as remote as Sinkiang in China.Professor Renfrew initiates an original synthesis between modern historical linguistics and the new archaeology of cultural process, boldly proclaiming that it is time to reconsider questions of language origins and what they imply about ethnic affiliation--issues seriously discredited by the racial theorists of the 1920s and 1930s and, as a result, largely neglected since. Challenging many familiar beliefs, he comes to a new and persuasive conclusion: that primitive forms of the Indo-European language were spoken across Europe some thousands of years earlier than has previously been assumed. There was, in particular, no "coming of the Celts", but rather a parallel development of Celtic-speaking peoples in much the same areas in which they are found today. ... Read more

Customer Reviews (16)

3-0 out of 5 stars Heavy going, but parts make it worthwhile for the committed
This book argues for an Anatolian "Urheimat" (original homeland) for a core group speaking what would spread out laterally across Europe and Central Asia into the Indo-European languages. He rejects much of the competing theory of Marija Gimbutas for a "Kurgan" culture from the steppes; he also dismisses identification of Indo-Europeans with massive invasions of horse-drawn charioteers who swept across the plains east and west spreading their warlike language. Instead, combining patterns of a branched family tree with a "wave" model of concentric circles of expansion by language families, Renfrew constructs an direction that shows how IE could, starting about 6000 BCE, have spread according to the laws of linguistic evolution at steady rates morphologically and phonetically, have become the familiar tongues we speak today.

I found this study rather stodgy. The Anatolian discussion takes up far less of the book than you might expect from the reviews on Amazon before mine. Renfrew's wide ranging, and the whole IE search for origins occupies only a part of a larger effort to take his fellow archeologists to task for ignoring or misinterpreting linguistic evolution within the artifacts they excavate.

The pace of the book's slow, if the facts stay abundant; the style of the methodological marshalling of so much archeological, linguistic, and comparative cultural data turned often leaden. Any work written for a non-specialist that addresses recondite debates and learned contentions may run the risk of such arcane discourse. But, Renfrew, while no natural tale-teller, remains convinced of his iconoclastic assertions, and if you are committed to understanding this subject, this and J.P. Mallory's near-concurrent "In Search of the Indo-Europeans" represent crucial texts on the origins of IE. While I'd been meaning to read Renfrew for a long time, what impelled me to finish it was the appearance in 2007 of David W. Anthony's "The Horse, the Wheel, and Language," which proposes a Pontic steppe origin in Russia and southern Ukraine for the riders who took Proto-Indo-European across the plateaus as an "elite" language of poetry about a male sky-god and began to leave its traces with other peoples who then began cultivating PIE.

As Renfrew wrote nearly two decades before Anthony, I was curious to see if I could find anticipations of Anthony's theory in Renfrew. I prepared to understand Anthony's OIE elaborations by first learning from how Renfrew built his foundation. He discourages the findings of linguistic paleology. He warns in matching cognates of Sanskrit "ratha" with Latin "rota" that it's "a far cry from saying that some hypothetical Proto-Indo-Europeans used chariots with wheels (or indeed carts with wheels) in their original homeland." (86) Also, he discourages Gimbutas' far-reaching establishment of a PIE Russian-Ukraine "Urheimat" to better assert his competing claim-- based on analysis of early Greek-- for Anatolia.

The liveliest part of the work remains for me the incorporation of Christopher Hawkes' "Cumulative Celticity" theory that Renfrew adapts to his wave-family tree (stammbaum) plotting for PIE. He denies that the La Téne artistic style presents a hub in Central Europe for the migration of Celts, shows how that noun can be defined eight ways, and favors Myles Dillon's reasoning that fundamental language changes began "in situ" in the places we find Celtic languages developing historically, rahter than emanating from a Continental center through massive migration or war. Therefore, the Iberian (Hispano-Celtic) or Goidelic (Q-Celt) branches of ancient Celtic languages stayed far enough on the Atlantic fringes that they did not alter with subsequent innovations that warped other Celtic varietals into insular Brythonic (P-Celt) or Western European Gaulish forms attested to in the historical record.

Finally, well before the genetic applications suggested by DNA comparisons with language from Stephen Oppenheimer ("Origins of the British," 2006), Renfrew predicts in passing that in Britain prior to the withdrawal of the Romans already many people may have spoken a Germanic language (137). However, Renfrew discourages in this pre-Genome Project breakthrough in genogeography a trust in such efforts as pioneered Luigi Cavalli-Sforza: "I think experience has shown that genetic arguments in relation to language and culture quite readily lend themselves to misleading interpretations." Still, the "wave of advance maps" such earlier scholars charted with their mapping of "various blood groups in Europe, suggesting genetic affinities," Renfrew finds may "await further assessment," which two decades later appears to be occuring with scholars such as Cavalli-Sforza, Oppenheimer, and Bryan Sykes, to name only three of those addressing their findings for a wider audience.

(P.S. I reviewed Bryan Sykes' "Seven Daughters of Eve" & "Saxons, Vikings & Celts" along with Stephen Oppenheimer's "Origins of the British" on Amazon.)

5-0 out of 5 stars Reason vs. Dogma
This is an excellent iconoclastic overview of an often maligned people who were to provide the basis for western civilization.Although Mr. Renfrew comes across as a reasonable scholar - often noting the tenuousness of his own conclusions and fairly articulating opposing views - he is vilified by the old guard - the Gimbutas gang of western-bashing renown.

Another reviewer cites Mallory's work, In Search of the Indo-Europeans, as a more scholarly and correct work. I do encourage others to read it.Note how many paranoid attacks are made specifically of Mr. Renfrew (by name).It is almost as though he believes Mr. Renfrew has the intellectual high ground and he must resort to ad hominem tirades instead of reason to bolster his tottering old viewpoint.

Mr. Renfrew's detractors have certainly missed the forest for the trees.All of archeology and historical linguistics is glued together with speculation - so, rather than arguing over arcane details it is sometimes good to resort to reason.

Mr. Renfrew's reasoning, void of political correctness, is refreshing and enlightening.

2-0 out of 5 stars Archaeologist with little linguistic training tries to tacke it all
ARCHAEOLOGY AND LANGUAGE is Colin Refrew's presentation for laymen of the problem of the linguistic affinity of most of the peoples of Europe and ancient Western Asia. Written by a scholar influenced by Britain's current disbelief against historical migrations, Renfrew argues that common linguistic elements spread through the ancient world not through the sudden invasion of a single people, but through the peaceful spread of agriculture out of Anatolia.

On one hand, it is nice to see a challenge to Marija Gimbutas theory, which got increasingly weird the longer she articulated it, that the Indo-Europeans were bloodthirsty patriarchal invaders who swept into matiarchal and peaceful old Europe introducing war.Renfrew, however, goes to far in the opposite direction and the work has serious problems, many of which are common to the works of Renfrew's school. The author has no problem speaking of the occupation of the Carpathian basin by the Magyars, and presumably he believes in recent Turkic migrations, but he refuses to accept migrations in pre-historical times. One of his three points against an South Russian origin is simply "It is a migrationist view." The Indo-Europeans are a people uniquely identified with horsemanship--look at the popularity horses in Greek and Germanic onomastics, and the words for "axle", "yoke", and "horse" itself are common to nearly all branches, so moving over long distances would certainly be within their reach. Yet, Renfrew asserts that there is no evidence that horsemanship was important to ancient speakers of IE languages.

Renfrew is also not a very committed historical linguist. His presentation of family trees is overly simplistic, with flat-out inaccuracies such as saying that German is descended from Gothic and all of the Slavonic languages from Old Church Slavonic. He seems to be quoting mostly from introductory handbooks of comparative IE linguistics instead of speaking from deep personal familiarity. The only authorities I would really trust to present this material are either amazing polymaths who are simultaneously excellent archaeologists and linguists, or archaeologist-linguist collaborations.

If you are interested in the fascinating question of IE origins and the various solutions which have been proposed, I'd recommend J.P. Mallory's IN SEARCH OF THE INDO-EUROPEANS, which is not perfect but does a good job of showing many viewpoints.

4-0 out of 5 stars Interesting but overzealous
Colin Renfrew's hypothesis that the spread and development of Indo European languages had more to do with static, less-migratory population groups than military conquest is one that has been tossed about for some time now in linguistic and anthropological circles. I found Renfrew's theories interesting, but I wonder how much of it is reactionary? Anthro-linguistic theory up until the 1940's was dominated by varying degrees of both racism and xenophobia - hence the preoccupation with locating a linguistic Urheimat or wellspring from which Indo-European language developed. Scholars from recent generations have undoubtedly found themselves in the uncomfortable position of sorting through volumes of past linguistic research peppered with references to "Aryans" and "High/Low cultures." Quite simply, past anthropological theory up until the time of Franz Boas held that culture was a byproduct of race. This theory was pushed to its logical extreme in National Socialist Germany. The knee-jerk reaction of post WW2 anthropologists and linguists seems to have been to run in the absolute opposite direction. While this shift in theory holds a great deal of validity, it would seem that a tremendous amount of research has been disregarded. Colin Renfrew in this work passionately and consistently attacks and seeks to refute the findings of many past scholars. In the abstract some of his criticisms are well founded, but after completing the book I felt the ease with which he junks past research clouded his overall thesis. That said, the book is still well written and interesting and belongs on the reading list of anyone interested in the embryonic formation of Indo-European languages

4-0 out of 5 stars A fun read, nevertheless
Yes, the Anatolian origin for Indo-European is questionable at best, and most scholars don't believe it; neither is it supported by any independent data based on physiology, such as blood grouping studies, that I know of.Unfortunately, it is necessary for Professor Renfrew's time line that the point of origin be west of the areas usually recognized.

However, there is something compelling about his picture of the spread of language through expansion more than through migration and invasion.The idea of large numbers of fairly primitive tribes leapfrogging hither and thither almost at random through Europe displacing, defeating, and/or giving language lessons to any indigenous populations they encounter is neither attractive nor elegant.

In either case, this book is engagingly written and can be understood and enjoyed by anyone with an interest in the subject. Even if the theory is not valid, there is much food for thought here; reading it is time well spent.
... Read more

14. The Chumash World at European Contact: Power, Trade, and Feasting Among Complex Hunter-Gatherers
by Lynn H. Gamble
Hardcover: 376 Pages (2008-08-04)
list price: US$49.95 -- used & new: US$40.39
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0520254414
Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
When Spanish explorers and missionaries came onto Southern California's shores in 1769, they encountered the large towns and villages of the Chumash, a people who at that time were among the most advanced hunter-gatherer societies in the world. The Spanish were entertained and fed at lavish feasts hosted by chiefs who ruled over the settlements and who participated in extensive social and economic networks. In this first modern synthesis of data from the Chumash heartland, Lynn H. Gamble weaves together multiple sources of evidence to re-create the rich tapestry of Chumash society. Drawing from archaeology, historical documents, ethnography, and ecology, she describes daily life in the large mainland towns, focusing on Chumash culture, household organization, politics, economy, warfare, and more. ... Read more

Customer Reviews (1)

5-0 out of 5 stars Truly impressive ethnography
This book is a truly superb ethnography, for a number of reasons.
"Chumash," originally a name for the people of the islands off Santa Barbara, became in the 19th century a general term for the speakers of several closely related languages in Ventura, Santa Barbara, and San Luis Obispo counties, California.Along with their neighbors, especially the Tongva (Gabrielino), they created an astonishingly complex, elaborate, and rich society based on managing wild food stocks rather than on agriculture.They burned grasslands to produce fire-following annual seed plants, cultivated bulb and root plants, and managed nut trees for their products.They also fished, using plank canoes.
They have been interesting to anthropologists for over a century, because they created a society with large towns, chiefly hierarchies, occupational specialization, true money (made from clamshells), and hereditary elites, all without agriculture.They may even have had whole towns (on the islands) depending on imported staple foods (from the mainland), producing specialized manufactures to pay for the food. Earlier cultural-evolutionary models held this to be impossible.Such models are long abandoned, but the Chumash are still interesting, not least because we still don't understand quite how or why they did all this. One key was managing the vegetation comprehensively, and Lynn Gamble discusses this in detail, with current controversies well covered.
Lynn Gamble does a meticulous job of telling what we know about the Chumash of the mainland coast, using her own archaeological research, and also the huge amount of data available from other archaeology and from early ethnographic work.Most of the latter was done by John Peabody Harrington, who had a true obsession with Chumash culture.She also draws on biological anthropology (skeletal analyses, medical demography) and linguistics, thus harmoniously integrating all the classic "four fields" of anthropology.Anyone needing evidence, for their local anthro department, that four-field anthro is not only not dead but is still far superior than the alternatives, need only turn to this book for proof.
This book joins a number of extremely important recent books on the Chumash, by John Johnson, Jan Timbrook, Douglas Kennett, and several others.
The Chumash were once written off as extinct, but have come roaring back, and now have several organizations (and of course a casino).Current Chumash life is outside the scope of this book, but will soon be better reported, thanks to ongoing work by several students.
The interest of Gamble's volume, however, goes far beyond Chumash or California studies; it is a model of how archaeologists can deal with and write about complex local-level societies.

... Read more

15. The Anglo-Saxon Achievement: Archaeology and the Beginnings of English Society
by Richard Hodges
 Hardcover: 212 Pages (1989-09)
list price: US$55.00 -- used & new: US$49.95
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0801423988
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan

16. Roman Imperial Statue Bases: from Augustus to Commodus (Aarhus Studies in Mediterranean Antiquity)
by Jakob Munk Hojte
Hardcover: 664 Pages (2005-09-01)
list price: US$59.95 -- used & new: US$34.50
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 8779341462
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
The study of Roman imperial statues has made remarkable strides in the last two decades. Yet the field's understandable focus on extant portraits has made it difficult to generalize accurately. Most notably, bronze was usually the material of choice, but its high scrap value meant that such statues were inevitably melted down, so that almost all surviving statues are of stone.

By examining the much larger and more representative body of statue bases, Jakob Munk Hojte is here able to situate the statues themselves in context. This volume includes a catalogue of 2300 known statue bases from more than 800 sites within and without the Roman Empire. Moreover, since it covers a period of 250 years, it allows for the first time consistent geographic, chronological and commemorative patterns to emerge. Hojte finds among other things that imperial portrait statues are connected chiefly with urban centres; that they were raised continuously during a given reign, with a higher concentration a couple years after accession; that a primary purpose was often to advertise a donor's merits; and that they increased sixfold in frequency from Augustus to Hadrian, an increase attributable to community erections. ... Read more

17. Life in Common: An Essay in General Anthropology (European Horizons)
by Tzvetan Todorov
Paperback: 175 Pages (2001-03-01)
list price: US$24.95 -- used & new: US$4.99
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0803294441
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description

In Life in Common Tzvetan Todorov explores the construction of the self and offers new perspectives on current debates about otherness. Through the seventeenth century, solitude was considered the human condition in the Western philosophical tradition. The self was not dependent on others to perceive itself as complete. Todorov sees a reversal of this thinking beginning with the writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau in the eighteenth century. For the first time the self was defined as incomplete without the other, and the gaze no longer served only to satisfy personal vanity but constituted the fundamental requisite for human identity.
Todorov traces the far-reaching implications of Rousseau's new vision of the self and society through the political, philosophical, and psychoanalytical theories of Adam Smith, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Georges Bataille, Melanie Klein, and others, and the relevant literary works of Karl Philipp Moritz, the Marquis de Sade, and Marcel Proust. In an original study of the bond between parent and child, Todorov develops a compelling vision of the self as social.
... Read more

18. Britain in the Middle Ages: An Archaeological History
by Francis Pryor
Paperback: 320 Pages (2007-05-28)
list price: US$17.95 -- used & new: US$4.72
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0007203624
Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description

Drawing upon on a wealth of knowledge, discovery, research, and technical advances, this historical book dispels the common misconception of the "Dark Ages" as an era of chaos and violence. Redefining everything from the role of the Vikings to the supposed rigidity of the feudal system, this eminent archaeologist demolishes many of the myths about medieval Britain. Readers will learn that the Middle Ages were far from static; the two centuries following the Black Death epidemic of 1348, were a time of diversity, transition, and growth. Engaging and scholarly, this book reintroduces the reader to an era that gave birth to the modern world.
... Read more

Customer Reviews (2)

5-0 out of 5 stars Reader Review
I found this to be an excellent book.It is pleasantly written and has good maps and diagrams which relate to the text.I envy Pryor his lifestyle.I think this is a good introduction to both history and archeology.It is an overview of the subject as it pertains to Britain.It invites the reader to delve more deeply into particular areas of the profession.The subjects of history and archeology are so wide that the serious student must specialise. It would be a good text for a first year university student in either discipline.I will probably seek out more works by Pryor.

5-0 out of 5 stars A smooth flow of time
Buried deep in this fine work is Francis Pryor's pondering of the question, how much of a 'revolution' was the Industrial one? The question indicates the theme of this book, which stresses continuity.Change was present, but often under very controlled circumstances.For Pryor, an archaeologist-writer who offers his ideas with wit and conviviality, the theme is "continuity" over "revolution".It's easy to highlight changes in a social scene, but as a man dedicated to hard evidence, the background is more important.Here, in the last of a string of books on what his science has found in Britain, continuity is the dominant theme.

Pryor launched his concept with "Britain BC", carried it through with post-Roman times in "Britain AD" and now arrives at the Christian-dominated Middle Ages.The change in religion had little impact on the daily transactions throughout Britain, with the likely shift of taxes from manor to chapel.The time-frame for this book begins about 650 CE and ends with the death of Henry VIII in 1547 CE.Nearly a millennium of time, with plenty of opportunity for "revolutions" - yet no major shifts in daily existence are in evidence.Henry's sequestration of the monasteries produced little in the way of disruption for village or town folk.As Pryor notes in the beginning, the book is about "hedges and fields, waterfronts and trade" rather than about the antics of monarchs or aristocrats.The Black Death had much more impact on society than any of the royals.Apart from the mortality, the economic shifts resulting from this plague were of far longer-lasting significance.

Even before the plague struck, agriculture and manufacturing led to early "free trade" agreements, even reaching across the Channel. Pryor finds such arrangements indicative of wider awareness and interaction than most "classical" histories have granted.Moreover, it's not treaties and other documents that he uses to make these points, but archaeological finds that provide hard evidence of what was transpiring in Britain in the Middle Ages.The Viking and Norse incursions carried a good many people into Britain, but after the initial raids, they came to stay and settled in nicely, thank you.If anything, the Norse' sea-faring skills more likely expanded existing trade arrangements, than disrupted commerce.

Pryor's chapters on urban life are the highlights of this work.After the Norse had become part of British society, population growth became a significant part of the social scene.Numbers rose to a height just before the Black Death that were not attained again until the 16th Century.The author selects various towns, describing their social and economic reactions to the plague and its aftermath.Drawing on his own observations and that of many other workers of recent generations he depicts a scene of nearly continuous development.York, in particular receives detailed attention for a span of nearly five centuries.York has provided a rich archaeological trove for the period - a rising trade community with a reach to distant places.

Reading Pryor is an unending delight, with nothing hidden in arcane academic discourse.He's open about what the evidence says and where uncertainties remain.Only the mildest interest in the past will bring rewards from this book.Readers are encouraged to enter this realm in full confidence that research is sound and the presentation fully accessible. [stephen a. haines - Ottawa, Canada] ... Read more

19. Early Medieval Towns in Britain: c 700 to 1140 (Shire Archaeology)
by Jeremy Haslam
Paperback: 64 Pages (2010-09-21)
list price: US$13.95 -- used & new: US$9.38
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0852637586
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
Towns have been a place of evolution and development throughout British history, growing from royal 'wics' between the seventh and ninth centuries to characteristic Viking towns in the later ninth and early tenth centuries, then changing following the Norman Conquest in 1066. Using archaeological, topographical and documentary material, this book provides an extensive and detailed insight into recent ideas about the developments of towns in England in the first half millennium to AD 1140. ... Read more

20. The Archaeology of the Early Medieval Celtic Churches (SOCIETY FOR MEDIEVAL ARCHAEOLOGY MONOGRAPHS)
by Nancy Edwards
Hardcover: 424 Pages (2009-12-31)
list price: US$95.00 -- used & new: US$88.29
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 1906540616
Canada | United Kingdom | Germany | France | Japan
Editorial Review

Product Description
This volume focuses on new research on the archaeology of the early medieval Celtic churches c AD 400-1100 in Wales, Ireland, Scotland, south-west Britain and Brittany. The 21 papers use a variety of approaches to explore and analyse the archaeological evidence for the origins and development of the Church in these areas. The results of a recent multi-disciplinary research project to identify the archaeology of the early medieval church in different regions of Wales are considered alongside other new research and the discoveries made in excavations in both Wales and beyond. The papers reveal not only aspects of the archaeology of ecclesiastical landscapes with their monasteries, churches and cemeteries, but also 'special' graves, relics, craftworking and the economy enabling both comparisons and contrasts. They likewise engage with ongoing debates concerning interpretation: historiography and the concept of the 'Celtic Church', conversion to Christianity, Christianization of the landscape and the changing functions and inter-relationships of sites, the development of saints' cults, sacred space and pilgrimage landscapes and the origins of the monastic 'town'. ... Read more

  1-20 of 100 | Next 20
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

Prices listed on this site are subject to change without notice.
Questions on ordering or shipping? click here for help.

site stats